What is Artificial Intelligence?

In 1956, John McCarthy officially coined the term Artificial Intelligence (AI), which was defined as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines." After a brief lull, termed as 'AI Winter,' when all progress relating to its development had virtually stalled due to technological limitations and shortage of funds, AI started its second innings in the 2000s. Since 2010, AI is progressing well thanks to improvement in computing powers, data volume, and advanced algorithms.

When people talk about AI, they often consider its negative aspects and its ability to destroy the world, as shown in big-budgeted Hollywood movies. However, all of these talks are misleading, which often frightens us about an unlikely future. On the other hand, AI is seen to fundamentally change the labor market through intelligent automation of many routine tasks that humans usually perform.

The goals of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning, and perception. An AI-based machine is programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions with the help of learning and problem-solving on their own. The basic expectation from an AI-based software is that it should make humans' work easier by using its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal.

However, the applications for artificial intelligence are endless; I have provided some of the applications below. The technology is being applied to many different sectors and industries. AI is being tested and used in the healthcare industry for dosing drugs and various treatment methods in the patients and for surgical procedures in the operating room. Other examples of machines with artificial intelligence include computers that play chess and self-driving cars. However, as technology advances, previous benchmarks that defined artificial intelligence become outdated. For example, machines that calculate basic functions or recognize text through optical character recognition are no longer considered to embody artificial intelligence, as the task is now taken for granted as an essential computer function.

In the following articles, I emphasize the need to introduce AI in India as soon as possible. I have also provided articles on current as well as potential applications of AI in the future.

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Socially Intelligent

Social-Media

We live in a world where any facility comes with its pros and cons. While many of us enjoy the freedom of connectivity provided by social media, some have to face its flip side. Ironically for a technology that's designed to bring people closer together, spending too much time engaging with social media can actually make you feel more lonely and isolated and exacerbates mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. The question that arises here is how Artificial Intelligence (AI) can make us more socially intelligent and mature.

How Does AI Influence Social Media?

Currently, AI is being used in social media platforms on a reasonably large scale. Retailers have gained huge profits due to AI. They can reach a mass population with the help of various recommendation engines. Recommendation engines suggest different products in the form of advertisements and notifications to consumers based on their search history and interests. Simultaneously, AI makes many social media users' work more comfortable by recommending various pages and mutual friends to follow based on the user's activities. Although some reforms in social media platforms have already taken place due to AI, not many focus on improving the social stigma caused by them.

What Can Be The New Possible Applications of AI?

Artificially Intelligent softwares capable of creating deep fake images should be overridden by new AI softwares that can detect any phony image on social media platforms that can potentially spread hatred across the community. Cyberbullying and offensive comments instigate various negative thoughts in a teenager's mind as they do not know how to deal with online trolling. With machine learning, numerous hate comments can be blocked based on an extensive database of offensive keywords in many different languages. AI can detect the tone of the hate speech and the comment's pretext to decide whether to block the comment.

AI can also conduct psychometric tests based on the user's activity to see what kind of data influences him in the most negative ways and restrict that kind of content to show up again. AI can suggest various motivational quotes by predicting a person's state of mind by looking into his interests in multiple social media platforms to avoid toxicity. AI can monitor the user's usage and set limits for daily usage. The current sentiment analysis, which determines the type of impact of a post on the society, should be made fully autonomous. AI can automatically block users that spread hatred online and post irrelevant content that may hurt someone's sentiments.

Setting Limitations

I want to wrap up this article by expressing my concerns over the amount of social media usage. AI can be of no use unless the user is willing to see the bright side of it. The youth tends to forget the real world behind the bars of social media. Social media is good, only if one uses it under moderation unless it continues to spread negativity. Besides the virtual world, there is a beautiful world out there that should be explored and enjoyed. 

 

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