What is Artificial Intelligence?

In 1956, John McCarthy officially coined the term Artificial Intelligence (AI), which was defined as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines." After a brief lull, termed as 'AI Winter,' when all progress relating to its development had virtually stalled due to technological limitations and shortage of funds, AI started its second innings in the 2000s. Since 2010, AI is progressing well thanks to improvement in computing powers, data volume, and advanced algorithms.

When people talk about AI, they often consider its negative aspects and its ability to destroy the world, as shown in big-budgeted Hollywood movies. However, all of these talks are misleading, which often frightens us about an unlikely future. On the other hand, AI is seen to fundamentally change the labor market through intelligent automation of many routine tasks that humans usually perform.

The goals of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning, and perception. An AI-based machine is programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions with the help of learning and problem-solving on their own. The basic expectation from an AI-based software is that it should make humans' work easier by using its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal.

However, the applications for artificial intelligence are endless; I have provided some of the applications below. The technology is being applied to many different sectors and industries. AI is being tested and used in the healthcare industry for dosing drugs and various treatment methods in the patients and for surgical procedures in the operating room. Other examples of machines with artificial intelligence include computers that play chess and self-driving cars. However, as technology advances, previous benchmarks that defined artificial intelligence become outdated. For example, machines that calculate basic functions or recognize text through optical character recognition are no longer considered to embody artificial intelligence, as the task is now taken for granted as an essential computer function.

In the following articles, I emphasize the need to introduce AI in India as soon as possible. I have also provided articles on current as well as potential applications of AI in the future.

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